From Figeac, Jean-François Champollion would be the most famous French of the world, Word of Figeacois! City of art and history, the Sub-Prefecture of Lot (10,000 inhabitants) irrigated by the Célé has made the famous decryptor of Egyptian hieroglyphics universal scholarly figure. In 1977, the municipality led by Martin Malvy, today President of the Midi-Pyrénées region, acquires his birthplace then threatened with danger for one symbolic franc. In 1986, it installs the first Champollion Museum with a collection of objects related to ancient Egypt. In 1991, the American artist Joseph Kosuth intervenes on the place of Scripture weld ground reproduction oversize of the Rosetta Stone, support the decryptor key. In 2001, a competition is launched for the Museum Champollion - the Scriptures of the world, ambitious reshaping investing the birthplace of the investigator and another back home in the sector saved from Figeac, Champollion square, in terraced Town Hall. Opened in early summer, the Museum was inaugurated on 22 September in the presence of Nicole Paulo, Mayor of the city, and Martin Malvy was to emphasize: "the intelligence of the team of designers is to have put the Museum on the street." Winners of the competition, architects Henri Rivière and Alain Moatti imagined a facade mysterious and magical, great page writing drawn up on the site as an invitation to discovery. "This was to create a small monumentality from apartment buildings and to it belongs to the city", they emphasize. In the foreground the footprint of the traditional figeacoise House, with its ground floor arcades dating from the 13th century unfolds and the body of the 18th punctuated eight clean bays. To the second plan, withdrawal of a metre of the façade of stone, a second crafted skin reveals the identity of the Museum with the write to Windows. A thin copper film inserted between two planes of glass is divided 1,000 signs corresponding to 42 writing systems according to the drawings by Pierre di Sciullo, graphic designer associated with the operation. "This great plan of copper in glass introduces the theme of writing in the city, says Alain Moatti, without showing its technology which is very sharp." Only two French companies are able including Concepta which has been adopted. "In total, the wall has 48 glass panels of 3 1.20 metre for an area of 120 square metres. Stamped in copper, each of the characters creates a light ground turned on the city or projected in the rooms of the Museum over the rays of the Sun. At the last level, architects have resumed in a vocabulary of Poles skated-stabilized steel the typology of the "solelho" regional, covered terrace once intended for drying of vegetables, fruit or skins.
This facade living museum deploys in the string of houses on 4 levels of a range of old beam width. Constituting an independent book midlength, vertical circulation core consisting of a staircase and a central lift serves different rooms without harming the fluidity of the whole. "It took any override before rebuild", said Henri River. A moment of excitement for the city. Seven rooms are organized in the walls. The typical sandstone of Figeac is everywhere apparent through a museum party, defined jointly by the architects and set designer, Pascal Payeur, large walls of glass on the outskirts and axial showcases. Their interest is not only to preserve the existing framework, but also to advance the presentation in time with the introduction of new documents. As the curator of the Museum, Marie-Hélène Pottier, "Champollion is the host of these places." I wanted to make his birthplace symbolic rather than a face-to-face meeting of the cultures of the world: a place which can express the wonderful diversity of cultures, what distinguishes them, in which closer. "The learned is obviously present in the first room on the ground floor, black box memory traces his long business of decryption and serves as sesame rooms tracing adventure writing for five thousand years. Each museum sequence is then defined by a monochrome layout: orange for the rooms with the birth of the Scriptures (Cuneiform, hieroglyphics, Mayan glyphs and Chinese calligraphy), blue for the invention of alphabets in the Mediterranean (Phoenician, Hebrew, Arabic, Greek and latin), white for the appearance of the book and printing. Staked some 600 objects acquired by the Museum or casts for the most famous pieces, with custom designed computer terminals, visit calls to comment for tracking and measuring the extent of the purpose of civilization. If issues are not lacking, the pleasure is the appointment, taking unreported marriage architecture and writing based on the letters of the facade and scenography. At the last level, under attic room is devoted to a multimedia centre and opens on the terrace of the "solelho" in the blink of an eye on the city.