What are the issues of the international meeting of Icann which starts today in Paris
The key issue is that we will liberalise the generic extensions on the Internet. In addition to, or, in the first quarter of 2009, 1.3 billion Internet users can acquire generic addresses, by filing for common words such as .amour, .haine or .ville or even proper names, such as .lesechos, for example.
If everyone can just file, what are the rules in case of dispute
The granting of an extension may be denied according to four major criteria. First, the selected names must not violate the law of trademarks. Thus the .apple, which already belongs to the manufacturer of high-tech, could not be used by others. Second case of refusal: a domain name cannot be too close to terms that already exist. For example, .kom or. Comm, will not be allowed. It will not that the submitted Word usurp the identity of a community, recognized by his peers. A Buddhist community ancestral but recognized to the bottom of the Thailand, may, thus, remain master of its name. Finally, the granting of an extension will be denied if it leads to public or moral issues.
Who will play the arbitrators Icann
For the time being, it's confidential! But we have several candidates among best global organizations existing, public and private.
What happens if two anonymous users want to usurp a name beyond the four criteria for arbitration
If two individuals attempt to file a same extension, we give them three months to settle their dispute amicably. If the matter cannot be resolved, the extension will be put up for auction and will go to the best bidder. Icann will oversee the process.
Are you not afraid that the landscape of the Internet become particularly confused in the minds of the people
This will be not more confused than having 60 channels of cable TV! And if there are more addresses, their deployment will not fast so far. Today, the .biz or .infos, in force since 2001, no number by million, not in tens of millions! These are new areas to discover and to operate on the Internet, like the United States at the time of the conquest of the West.
You are considering, on the other hand, no longer limit the addresses and domain names to the English alphabet
Current technology was designed thirty-five years ago and includes only Roman characters. And yet, without accents or apostrophes! Now, users can file addresses in alphabets, the Cyrillic to the Chinese or the Ethiopia Amharic alphabet. We tested 15 languages to make this work with browsers from Mozilla, Microsoft and Apple. It is a technical challenge, but it is essential. In India, the Government is committed to connect to the Web the 200 or 300 million peasants in rural villages. Only gold 100 million Indians speak English. The rest of the population is shared more than 20 languages.
You also advocate for the new IPV6 Internet Protocol...
Yes, because the countries of the OECD will not move enough! To here in 2010 or 2011, users on the planet will have exhausted 4.2 billion addresses available under the current Protocol IPV4. IPV6 technology will enable a virtually unlimited number of addresses to enter into force!
Icann has long seen as too linked to the US Government. What today is the reality of your relationship with Washington
In 1998, Washington is committed to gradually transfer management functions of the canvas to the private non profit company we are. Our last link with the U.S. Government is an agreement, a "Joint Project Agreement" with the Department of Commerce, indicating large lines of conduct. It expires in September 2009. I think that at this time, the link with the US Government should be broken.